Are Balanced advantage funds better than Balanced funds?

balanced advantage funds

Balanced advantage funds were not a separate category earlier. The funds in this structure used to be considered as Balanced funds only. But that leads to a wrong comparison, and many times did not let investors make a wise choice.

Now with the advent of it as dynamic asset allocation funds post recategorization of mutual funds, the confusion is Normal among investors, as to how are they different from the balanced funds.

Earlier only a few fund houses have Balanced advantage funds in their product portfolio, but now almost every fund house has this structure in their list of funds. To top it up when the biggest fund of the Industry – HDFC Prudence, converted itself to a balanced Advantage fund, the curiosity levels have increased.

This post is to explain how both categories of funds are different in their structure.

Balanced funds Vs Balanced Advantage funds

Technically both the categories fall into Hybrid funds. It’s their structure that makes them different from each other.

Balanced funds the known category, which you also must be aware of, now also known as an Aggressive Hybrid fund, since they are mandated to have at least 65% of direct equity exposure in their portfolio. They may go above 65% to 80% as per their Investment strategy, but cannot go below 65% equity.

In normal sense, Balanced means Equally divided, and sensing this anomaly, Fund houses are required to call balanced funds as Aggressive Hybrid since they have more than 50% of equity allocation in such funds.

This 65% exposure puts the balanced funds at par with Equity funds as per the Income-tax Rules, which says STCG to be taxed @ 15% and LTCG @ 10% (Beyond 1 lakh)

The list of currently available balanced funds is as below:

What are Balanced Advantage funds?

Balanced advantage funds come under Dynamic Asset Allocation funds. These are the Hybrid funds but to maintain the required equity exposure of 65%, they take the help of Equity Derivatives.

Balanced advantage funds use PE/PB or in-house structure or active management based rebalancing approach to increase or decrease the direct equity exposure in the portfolio.

This category of funds is expected to manage the portfolio in such a way so as to reduce the equity in the high valuation market and increase the exposure when the market looks attractive.

And this is why if you have tracked some of these funds in the past you may have found that in booming markets they underperform the balanced category, but in falling or recovering phase they sometimes outperform their balanced category.

The balanced advantage category is meant for those investors who want to stay in an aggressive Hybrid structure but are wary of the volatility that comes with high equity exposure.

The List of funds that comes under this category are as below:

balanced advantage funds

Word of CAUTION!!

You should be aware that there are some funds that have just turned from balanced to balanced advantage or have been merged into a balanced advantage, so the returns that you see in the performance chart may not show the true picture on how the fund will perform in the future or has performed in the past.

Also, though there is a defined structure in Balanced advantage fund which is expected to lower the volatility as compared to balanced funds, there are fund houses that claim to continue with the aggressive strategy even after turning into the Advantage mode.

So, if you want to be in the low volatile fund, but invest just looking at the past returns which for now itself is deceiving, you may not be in the right fund allocation. (Read: How to Review Mutual funds investment Portfolio)

Balanced or Balanced advantage funds – Conclusion:

When you make any investment, though generally, you look out for high returns only, you have to understand that with high returns you have to accept high volatility too.

When you approach Mutual funds through the financial planning route then definitely your risk profiling will guide you to somewhat suitable asset allocation and helps to have the right mix and strategy of funds. But when you go directly and invest with a view to making good returns with no goal or strategy in mind you are bound to make mistakes.

Recategorization of mutual funds in many cases has created lots of confusion in the funds’ past performance, thus you should be quite vigilant while going in for Investments.

Balanced advantage funds have the potential to generate good returns over a period of time with low volatility, but do they really a good fit in your personal portfolio requirements, that is to be seen. (Also Read: Balanced Advantage Funds vs. Multi-Asset Funds)

Please Feel Free to ask or share your concerns in the comments section below


  1. Very nice and crisp explaination of the difference between Balanced Fund and Balanced Advantage Fund.
    Both come under equity fund from tax perspective but have quite different approach and mandate for investment and therefore would have different risks and returns.

  2. Nice insight given. Do balanced advantage category come under EQUITY for taxation ?? For eg. Icici pru balanced advantage at present allocates only 38 % to equity. Since its lesser than 65% equity, will it be taxed like debt fund ??

    • Thanks. Yes. It comes under Equity for taxation.
      ICICI BAF’s 38% allocation gets compensated with their positions in Equity Derivatives segment to maintain the 65% equity levels

  3. Nice explanation sir, loves to read your article.

    One question what is the difference In equity savings schemes like hdfc/icici equity savings vs balance advantage funds (dynamic asset allocation).
    Equity savings also have 65% under equity with use of equity and arbitrage to have tax structure like equity funds…

    • Thanks, Ashok.
      Coming to your question, the primary difference between the two is the fundamental strategy of the fund. Equity savings funds generally have a pre-defined minimum and maximum allocation for equity, derivatives, and debt and the direct equity exposure which would typically be lesser than that of Balanced Advantage Funds (usually ranges between 30-35%). Also, Balanced Advantage Funds follow a dynamic asset allocation strategy and may dynamically adjust the equity exposure (in the range of 30%-80%) according to the investment structure, which may not be the case with equity savings funds.


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