We all know that Life is full of Uncertainties. To cover up our Financial Responsibilities we take Life Insurance and that too with proper calculation and good Sum Assured, to save our savings from medical expenditure we take health Insurance. But there is one more type which is most Ignored but most important one which is Accident and Disability Insurance. This is the cheapest Insurance policy but it gets ignored just because it does not carry any tax benefit, the reason because of which most of the Insurance policies got purchased. Where we calculate Human Life value to check how much family will need after the insured’s demise to cover up the financial responsibilities and obligations, then do you think that responsibilities will reduce if a person don’t die but gets disabled. This could be the event when a person gets dependent on his own dependents. Please Understand-“Where Medical problem can increase your expenditure, disability has dual effect as in along with increasing expenditure it will reduce your Income also. To cover up all the uncertainties relating to Accident, accident Insurance plays a Major Role.
What is Accident?
In Insurance terminology, Accident is defined as A sudden, Unforeseen and unexpected event caused by external, violent and visible means (but does not include and illness or disease) which results in Physical body Injury (but does not Include mental, nervous or emotional disorders, Depression or anxiety).
When we use the term Accident it does not always mean accident on road with some vehicle but in actual Accident can happen anywhere like if you fell down of your chair and injured your back bone or you slip in the bathroom and got some fracture etc.
Why Accident Insurance?
Accident does not always cause death but sometimes it leads to disability which could be temporary or permanent. The disability leads to reduction in your earning capacity. Sometimes disability is so severe that you might have to leave your job or at least be on leave for some months. This may put you in a financial Crunch; there could be a huge Financial Burden on your family. So to cover up all this you need Accident Insurance.
What Accident Policy Covers?
It generally covers the 4 aspects:
- Accidental Death: Although Death can also be covered through Life Insurance Policy, but if you have accident policy than you can claim from this also if the demise is due to any accident.
- Permanent Total Disability: This is more severe case than death since in these kinds of cases person becomes permanent dependent on his dependents. And now family needs more finances not only to support themselves but to support you also. In This case if disability is due to accident then Insurance Company will pay the 100% Sum assured to dependents.
- Permanent Partial Disability: If accident leads to total Loss of Functional use of body part or organ or a Physical separation of a body part then Insurance Company will access the loss on your income due to this loss and pay some part of Sum assured. Generally Insurance companies have mentioned the payment chart on the policy wordings.
- Temporary Total Disablement: If an Insured suffers an accident which is the sole and direct cause of temporary disability which completely prevents him from performing each and every duty pertaining to his employment or occupation then company will pay 1% of SA per week for maximum of 52 weeks or for the actual period in weeks you remain absent from work (whichever is less). There are some companies which pay 1% of SA for 100 weeks also. This benefit you can call as Income Insurance benefit as you will not lose on your monthly income if insured properly.
Accident Insurance vs. Accident Rider in Life Insurance:
Accident Rider in Life Insurance policy is generally linked to the coverage you have opted for in Life Insurance so you might not be able to do justice with Accident coverage. Moreover at the time of claim if you take claim once from Life Insurance company then the rider in the policy will be treated as matured which means in future you cannot take benefit of the same. So it’s always better to take Separate Personal Accident Policy and before purchasing do the calculation as you do while purchasing Life Insurance as this time this is the coverage which will support you also in case of any uncertain event.